The innumerable feelings experienced by humans both in past and present are available to us only through art. His most famous novels are War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877). According to Tolstoy art is the intentional communication of an emotion from the artist to the audience where the hope is that the audience feels the emotion felt by the artist. Tolstoy’s writing made him famous around the world and he is justly considered among the four giants of Russian Literature next to Dostoevsky, Chekhov, and Turgenev. Leo Tolstoy created his own definition of art and succeeded in justifying it. That condition includes the first; for if the artist is sincere he will express the feeling as he experienced it. The Oath of the Horatii is one such piece. The clearness of expression assists infection because the receiver, who mingles in consciousness with the author, is the better satisfied the more clearly the feeling is transmitted, which, as it seems to him, he has long known and felt, and for which he has only now found expression. More than anything, “What is art?” is a piece of art itself. Leo Tolstoy in a Page 15/23. The loss of such a unique ability would be a catastrophe. A weak point of the theory is that it never examines the act of creation and art that is not shared with others. Although he takes a clear stance in favor of Christianity as a valid foundation for morality, his definition of religious perception is flexible. Art is a human activity consisting in this, that one man consciously, by means of certain external signs, hands on to others feelings he has lived through, and that other people are infected by these feelings and also experience them. University. And this same sincerity will impel the artist to find a clear expression of the feeling which he wishes to transmit. 6 Tolstoy called explicit attention to his primary disagreement with Véron when he wrote that the expression of emotions was not in itself a sufficient guarantee of the presence of art. Here's an example. Tolstoy thinks that both cases lead to subjective definitions of beauty and in turn to subjective definitions of art. Because we have forgotten, or never knew, the meaning of art, we have dubbed art as “an activity producing pleasure.” Again, Tolstoy sees no point in this, as taste is also subjective. For Tolstoy, art was a means of communication between people which expressed feelings. We should not easily dismiss the idea that (good) art communicates feelings and promotes unity through universal understanding. It concerns the identification of a piece of art as expressing a particular emotion. Tolstoy defies the academy’s intellectualizations of art: Art is not, as the metaphysicians say, the manifestation of some mysterious idea of beauty or God; it is not, as the aesthetical physiologists say, a game in which man lets off his excess of stored-up energy; it is not the expression of man’s emotions by external signs; it is not the production of pleasing objects; and, above all, it is not pleasure; but it is a means of union among men, joining them together in the same feelings, and indispensable for the life and progress toward well-being of individuals and of humanity. “If only the spectators or auditors are infected by the feelings which the author has felt, it is art.” (Tolstoy 1930). Therefore, real art removes the barrier between Subject and Object, and between receiver and sender of an artistic impression. The turn of the 12th century BC in the Eastern Mediterranean was a turbulent time, to say the least. 2017/2018 Some label his a communication theory of art But Tolstoy speaks more strongly - he repeatedly uses the metaphor of infection So his is really a contagion theory The key emotion passes from one person (the artist) to others (the audience) like an infection or disease pp. So, what is art for Tolstoy? There is no way of explaining why one thing pleases someone but displeases someone else, he concludes. Art-The Language of Emotion LEO TOLSTOY Among the novels written by Count Tolstoy (1828-1910). In fact, the definition of religious perception is so wide, that it describes ideology in general. More information regarding the relationship between Tolstoy and Repin can be found in this article. This is, in my view, the strongest point of Tolstoy’s theory. However, he also wrote multiple philosophical and theological texts as well as theatrical plays and short stories. Relating to an artwork is the key to great art. 59-65. Leo Tolstoy in the Room with the Arches, Ilya Repin, 1891, State Russian Museum. By gaining awareness of each other’s feelings we can successfully practice empathy and ultimately unite to further mankind’s collective well-being. Before anything, we need to question if a work of art is moral. This is a process of moral realization and results in society becoming kinder and more compassionate. Tolstoy names real art (i.e. In 1851 he joined the tsarist army to pay off his accumulated debt but quickly regretted this decision. Lamenting the growing perversion of the art world, which has warped our ability to tell good art from bad, Tolstoy insists that the only way to distinguish true art from its counterfeit is by this very notion of infectiousness: If a man, without exercising effort and without altering his standpoint on reading, hearing, or seeing another man’s work, experiences a mental condition which unites him with that man and with other people who also partake of that work of art, then the object evoking that condition is a work of art. 328-527. Even a boy telling the story of how he met a wolf can be art. but also in the essays he wrote on cultural and religious subjects. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. There, he laid down his opinions on several art-related issues. Academic year. of bad art means that the work satisfies Tolstoy's aesthetic criteria and is art but that its effect on its public is morally bad. 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