Elvis Presley interpreted his own version of the song entitled It’s Now or Never. Benito Mussolini may have been a Fascist, but he was responsible for promoting Italian soccer to the international stage. Fun facts on Italy: the pastas. Only to be rediscovered, as it happened with dialects, as a precious representation of Italy’s heritage and social history. The great opera houses in Naples and Milan were built: the Teatro di San Carlo and La Scala, respectively. Later, in the 6th century, Venantius Fortunatus created some of Christianity's most enduring hymns, including "Vexilla regis prodeunt" which would later become the most popular hymn of the Crusades.[1]. Learn more about Italian music with our history recap: Italian Music 1918 To 1940s. As the powerful northern families such as the d'Este and Medici built up powerful political dynasties, they brought northern composers of the Franco-Flemish school such as Josquin and Compère to their courts. More than other elements of Italian culture, music is generally eclectic, but unique from other nations' music.No parochial protectionist movement has ever attempted to keep Italian music pure and free from foreign influence, [citation needed] … Gregorian chant supplanted all the other Western plainchant traditions, Italian and non-Italian, except for Ambrosian chant, which survives to this day. 19th century. Castiglione's The Book of the Courtier recommended proficiency at music as a courtly virtue, and Santa Maria di Loreto, the first music conservatory, was built in Naples. Italian folk musicians use the dialect or language of their own regional tradition. Great history, but the best book I have ever read on how to LISTEN to classical music takes a different approach. Italian Music History 1950s, a walk through history. Traditional Italian dances are hard to find in Italy in general. Much of the European classical musical tradition, including opera and symphonic and chamber music can be traced back to these Italian medieval developments in musical notation,[4] formal music education and construction techniques for musical instruments. After the Roman Empire broke down in 395 AD, there were many separate kingdoms and city states. Later in the century is also the time of the early career of Giacomo Puccini, perhaps the greatest composer of pure melody in the history of Italian music. The Roman Empire was founded in 27 BC and Augustus Caesar proclaimed himself emperor of Rome in 31 BC. Due to a Gypsy crime wave, city officials in Milan authorized police to set up an undercover operation that used hidden cameras and telephone taps to make arrests. The pasta history is also one of the food facts in Italy that is worth knowing. The Italian language stems directly from Latin, just like other Romance languages like Spanish, Catalan, Portuguese, French, Romanian and other minority languages (Occitan, Provençal, Galician, Ladin and Friulan). Italy was the birthplace of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural achievements in poetry, architecture and painting. Great history, but the best book I have ever read on how to LISTEN to classical music takes a different approach. Verdi's music "sought universality within national character";[16] that is, much of what he composed in terms of historical themes could be related to his pan-Italian vision. Italy became the primary center of harpsichord construction, violin production started in Cremona in the workshop of Andrea Amati, and lutenist Francesco Canova da Milano earned Italy an international reputation for virtuosic musicianship.[8]. Tarantella, couple folk dance of Italy characterized by light, quick steps and teasing, flirtatious behaviour between partners; women dancers frequently carry tambourines. Around 1335, the Rossi Codex, the earliest extant collection of Italian secular polyphony, included examples of indigenous Italian genres of the Trecento including early madrigals, cacce, and ballate. Fun facts on Italy: the pastas. Here are 25 Kickass and Interesting Facts About Italy. Music achieved new heights of cultural respectability. Then, the last fifty years of the century were dominated by Giuseppe Verdi, the greatest musical icon in Italian history. The name may be derived from the picture of the bull symbol of the southern Italian … The official name of Italy is Italy is the Italian Republic. Solve polluti 10 Italian Americans Who Changed History These children of the 'Bel Paese' left behind an indelible imprint with their contributions to … The musical scale, the art of Opera and many music terms, such as sonnet, concert, quartet (see: Italian loanwords in English), were also born in Italy and many of the existing European classical music forms can trace their roots back to innovations of sixteenth and seventeenth century Italian music (such as the symphony, concerto, and sonata). Italy has hosted the Olympics three times in 1956, 1960, and 2006. Indeed, everyone can identify the Mona Lisa, but do you know(…) CONTINUE … Photo credits: Palestrina © yournameonstones/fotolia. Italy is one of Western Europe's youngest countries. Italy developed its own counterparts to troubadours, called trovatori, including Sordello of Mantua. Resonare fibris Even opera composers, such as Giuseppe Verdi, occasionally worked in these forms. Research carried out a few years before the death of the famous Italian linguist Tullio De Mauro (1932-2017) confirmed that, in everyday conversation, around half of the population only use 3000 words. If you want to dance anywhere that's not a disco, you're best off looking for latin dancing , which is very popular all over Italy and there are plenty of places to learn or just dance the Tango, cha cha, Mumba etc. [3] Crucial in the transmission of chant were the innovations of Guido d'Arezzo, whose Micrologus, written around 1020, described the musical staff, solmization, and the Guidonian hand. [5] One important consequence of the troubadour influence during this period, in Italy and across Europe, was the gradual shift from writing strictly in Latin to the local language, as championed by Dante in his treatise De vulgari eloquentia; this development extended to the lyrics of popular songs and forms such as the madrigal,[6] meaning "in the mother tongue." A new dominance of melody within harmony at the expense of text led to great changes, including the expansion of instrumental resources of the orchestra. Italian music is the most beautiful around the world, it has influenced under European composers, song-writers and singers. Italian Music between the wars. By the end of the 15th century, Italy was being torn apart by one war after another. Italy has won the World Cup four times, the most Word Cup wins second to Brazil. Soccer. Believe it or not, volleyball is a very popular sport in Italy. Italy’s rich history, beautiful architecture, and delicious food are all reasons that it’s one of the world’s most sought-after tourist destinations. This early form of do-re-mi created a technical revolution in the speed at which chants could be learned, memorized, and recorded. Italy has played a significant role in the history of European music.Many music instruments, such as the violin and piano, were invented in Italy.The musical scale, the art of Opera and many music terms, such as sonnet, concert, quartet (see: Italian loanwords in English), were also born in Italy and many of the existing European classical music forms can trace their roots back to … The Rossi Codex included music by Jacopo da Bologna, the first famous Trecento composer. Italy has hosted the Olympics three times in 1956, 1960, and 2006. Here are at least ten reasons why the bubbling and inspiring city of Turin should definitely be on your Italy bucket list. What you may not know is that the use of pasta in Italy dates back to ancient history. In the 20th century classical music changed greatly, not only in Italy, but also at European level. 10 Interesting Facts about Italy. The national anthem of Italy, "Il Canto degli Italiani," was written by Goffredo Mameli in 1847, with Michele Novaro composing the music in the same year. Italian secular music was largely the province of these jongleurs, troubadors, and mimes. The process that started around 1904 with Giuseppe Martucci’s Second Symphony, a work that Malipiero called “the starting point of the renascence of non-operatic Italian music.” Several early composers from this era, such as Leone Sinigaglia, used native folk traditions. Italian folk songs, ballads, lyrical songs, lullabies, and other children’s songs, seasonal and special occasion songs, and songs dealing with certain professions. Fun Facts About Italy: Sports. Italy's last king ruled for just 36 days. Below is some general information such as total population, land area, biggest lake, highest mountain, and other facts about Italy that might be interesting to know. The first slow traveler’s guide to Italy and the Italian way of life. Italian folk styles are as diverse as the regional cultures of Italy themselves. Although the tales of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina "rescuing" polyphony with the Missa Papae Marcelli are no longer accepted by scholars, Palestrina's music remains the paradigm of the musical aesthetic promoted by the Church. The pasta history is also one of the food facts in Italy that is worth knowing. The word “scale” comes from scala, meaning “step.” And andante , allegro, presto, and vivace are just a few of the many Italian musical notations. A few composers started writing instrumental music, rather than opera. Composers such as Cipriano de Rore and Orlando di Lasso experimented with increasing chromaticism, which would culminate in the mannerist music of Carlo Gesualdo. [17] There are no Italian symphonists in this century, the way one might speak of Brahms in Germany, for example. Though the majority of Italian speakers reside in Italy, Italian … Let’s learn more with these interesting facts about Italy that cover its history, culture, geography, people, food, weird laws, and some interesting things for kids. Italian food culture: Italian cuisine is always culture. It was common for fishermen, shepherds, and … The traditional music in Italy differs from region to region. Giuseppe Verdi. Italy has played a significant role in the history of European music. Italy had a royal family until 1946 when citizens voted … Join our large community of over +75,000 followers on Facebook, Twitter, Stumbleupon, Linkedin, Google+ and Instagram: Slow Italy® is the first slow traveler’s guide to Italy and the Italian way of life. In the late 16th century and early 17th century, composers began pushing the limits of the Renaissance style. Take … Approximately at this time, Italian flagellants developed the Italian folk hymns known as spiritual laude. The Italian cuisine is made of and full of Italian food culture. Surprisingly, Italy, the homeland of melodic music, turned out to be one of the major international centers for post-rock. It is a perfect reflection of Italy’s geographic position and the historic dominance of small city states. The native Italian plainchant traditions are notable for a systematic use of ornate, stepwise melodic motion within a generally narrower range, giving the Italian chant traditions a smoother, more undulating feel than the Gregorian. It all sounded like a brain scan at the edge of a nervous … Some of the most beautiful villas on the Amalfi Coast, Lake Como, Capri, in Tivoli, Tuscany and the Castelli Romani. Tarantella, couple folk dance of Italy characterized by light, quick steps and teasing, flirtatious behaviour between partners; women dancers frequently carry tambourines. Total Population: 60.6 million; Capital: Rome It is also the age in which Italian music became international, so to speak, with many Italian composers beginning to work abroad. The first music conservatories were created in Naples in the 16th century and the city’s Opera House San Carlo is also the world-wide oldest opera house in continuous operation. 1. All significant Italian composers of the century wrote opera almost to the exclusion of other forms, such as the symphony. Italy’s long history is dominated by three periods, the three R’s: The Roman Empire: during these centuries Italy was the centre of one of the largest empires the world has ever seen, and the wealth that poured into the peninsula led to the creation of some of the most magnificent monuments of the Ancient World. The Roman Empire was founded in 27 BC and Augustus Caesar proclaimed himself emperor of Rome in 31 BC. Ireland, Spain, and France each developed a local plainchant tradition, but only in Italy did several chant traditions thrive simultaneously: Ambrosian chant in Milan, Old Roman chant in Rome, and Beneventan chant in Benevento and Montecassino. It all sounded like a brain scan at the edge of a nervous … Since then the country also includes the islands of Sicily and … But there surely are some things about Italy that you don’t know and you can find out what those are by … Our Complete Guide to Italian craft beers, Nardò, the big-hearted, sleeping beauty (Salento, Puglia), Italia Sparita – A Story about Little Things and Big Emotions, How Slow is Slow ? However, the underpinnings of much modern Italian music come from the Middle Ages. The anthem is popularly known as "Inno di Mameli" (Hymn) in Italy, in honer of the song writer. Another of the cool food facts about Italy, and one that many travelers are usually pretty surprised to find out. Since then the country also includes the islands of Sicily and … Many music instruments, such as the violin and piano, were invented in Italy. It’s proper name Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic), Nickname: “Bel Paese” which means beautiful country. Later, around 530, St. Benedict would arrange the weekly order of monastic psalmody in his Rule. In 1994, Italian gynecologist and embryologist Severino Antinori (1945-) assisted the oldest women in history (63 years old) to give birth. Italy was the birthplace of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural achievements in poetry, … One of these group of composers were called the generazione dell’ottanta (generation of 1880), including Franco Alfano, Alfredo Casella, Gian Francesco Malipiero, Ildebrando Pizzetti, and Ottorino Respighi. The anthem is popularly known as "Inno di Mameli" (Hymn) in Italy, in honer of the song writer. New organizations arose to promote Italian music, such as the Venice Festival of Contemporary Music and the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino. History of Italian. In most Western countries, you can usually expect to find pizzas on the menu in just about any restaurant. No parochial protectionist movement has ever attempted to keep Italian music pure and free from foreign influence, except briefly under the Fascist regime of the 1920s and 30s. The early ballet was accompanied by horns, trombones, kettle drums, dulcimers, and bagpipes. These innovations in terms of harmony and notation have strongly influenced European classical music and enabled the development of opera in the late 1500s. The early ballet was accompanied by horns, trombones, kettle drums, dulcimers, and bagpipes. The keyboard was extended, and the making of stringed instruments by Antonio Stradivari became a great industry in Cremona. Genoa, like Turin, is one of these fascinating Italian cities that remain off the tourist radar. Believe it or not, volleyball is a very popular sport in Italy. Far from the crowds and the usual archaeological sights and main cities, Sicily still reserves any number of hidden treasures. Although Gregorian chant has its roots in Roman chant and is popularly associated with Rome, it is not indigenous to Italy, nor was it the earliest nor the only Western plainchant tradition. Most paraliturgical music, including all but four Sequences were banned. Total Population: 60.6 million; Capital: Rome In fact, the Italian Volleyball League is one of the most well-respected and talented leagues in the world. Italy has won the World Cup four times, the most Word Cup wins second to Brazil. Piano and violin were invented in Italy, and so were the classical music forms such as symphony, concerto, and sonata. Historical facts about Italy . Polyphonic song forms and choral singing are principally found in northern Italy, while south of Naples, solo singing is more common, with the exception of the geographically more isolated Sicily and Sardinia, which are very polyphonic. Landini's name was attached to his characteristic "Landini cadence" in which the final note of the melody dips down two notes before returning, such as C–B–A–C. His most famous piece is Four Seasons is still played across the world today. © Slow Italy, 2005-2021. The Albigensian Crusade, supposedly to attack Cathar heretics, brought southern France under northern French control and crushed Occitan culture and language. Located at 10 km of Turin, the Basilica of Superga, site of a regal vow and of a terrible tragedy, is one of these sites where history and story meet. [7] The Rossi Codex included music by Jacopo da Bologna, the first famous Trecento composer. After the Roman Empire broke down in 395 AD, there were many separate kingdoms and city states. About 96 percent of the population of Italy is Italian, though there are many other ethnicities that live in this country. Italian music is the most beautiful around the world, it has influenced under European composers, song-writers and singers. Italian popular music finds its source both in native and imported music styles. (Opera may have deeper roots in the Tuscan maggio drammatico tradition. Venice is prone to acqua alta (or high water) in winters, due to high tides and sirocco in the … Italian music also had little in common with the French reaction to that German music, the impressionism of Claude Debussy, for example, in which melodic development is largely abandoned for the creation of mood and atmosphere through the sounds of individual chords. The music form originated in France, but later spread to 12th century Italy, where they were called trovatori. The country looks like a high heeled boot in shape! on Not just blondes! He named the notes using the initial syllables of the first six line of John the Baptist’s hymn. Starting in the last decades of the century, Italian composers such as Marchetto Cara and Bartolomeo Tromboncino wrote light, courtly songs called frottole for the Mantuan court of Isabella d'Este. More than other elements of Italian culture, music is generally eclectic, but unique from other nations' music. Famuli tuorum The works emerged in this period with relatively simple melodies and the texts about Greek mythology sung in Italian. Italian music has been held up in high esteem in history and many pieces of Italian music are considered high art. The music is in lively 6 / 8 time. Read more. All content on this website, including graphics, articles and photographs, is copyright of Slow Italy®. Italian Music 1918 to 1940s. Facts about Italian Culture will inform you about interesting and unique culture in the world. Let us know some more interesting facts about Italy. Although the generally light-hearted and ever-popular Rossini was certainly an exception to that, Italian music of the 19th century is dominated at the beginning by the likes of Bellini and Donizetti, giving to Italian music the lyrical melodies that have remained associated with it ever since. However, in addition to this direction, the Roman art in Italy brought three major innovations: the art of portraits, landscape painting and the depiction of history; three art-historical achievements … Christopher Columbus himself was Italian. It includes the Gregorian chant, the troubadour song, the madrigal, and the work of Giovanni Palestrina and Claudio Giovanni Monteverdi. In Roman art, politics and art were often closely linked. The scale was invented as early as the end of the 10th century, by a Benedictine monk, Guido of Arezzo. Lighter music was represented by the villanella, which originated in popular songs of Naples and spread throughout Italy. Italy - Italy - Music: Italian music has been one of the supreme expressions of that art in Europe: the Gregorian chant, the innovation of modern musical notation in the 11th century, the troubadour song, the madrigal, and the work of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and Claudio Monteverdi all form part of Italy’s proud musical heritage, as do such composers as Antonio … In Italy, the music of Verdi and Puccini continued to dominate for a number of years. Italy is nicknamed as “Bel Paese” which means beautiful country. Italy has been nicknamed Bel Paese meaning beautiful country. It is known all over the world, is a collection of flavors, tastes, creativity, history and traditions of all parts of Italy, is actually "the gastronomy of Italian regions". The currency is the Euro. Italian Music History, The 1950s The Tarantella, traditional music from Naples. Only to be rediscovered, as it happened with dialects, as a precious representation of Italy’s heritage and social history. Italians got introduced to the sport in the late 1800s by the British. Funiculì Funiculà, for example, was originally composed in 1880 to commemorate the opening of the first funicular cable car on Mount Vesuvius, but was popularized by the composers Richard Strauss and Rimsky-Korsakov, and more recently by Disney and Il Volo, which proves how enduring, genre-crossing and universal Neapolitan songs can be. Many of the finest pasta dishes have been created and perfected in Italy. Folk music has always been a way to express local idenity and address cultural, political and social issues. Mussolini in 1930 … Modern Italian composers such as Berio and Nono proved significant in the development of experimental and electronic music. Most of Italians are Catholics. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Music_history_of_Italy&oldid=999332474, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2018, Articles with incomplete citations from December 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 17:23. Around 230, well before Christianity was legalized, the Apostolic Tradition of Hippolytus attested the singing of Psalms with refrains of Alleluia in Rome. In fact, the most complete dictionaries can contain from 80,000 to 250,000 entries . Tarantellas for two couples are also danced. Italy has a long history of church music since 90% of the nation is Catholic. The capital city of Italy is Rome. Also around this time, Italian flagellants developed the Italian folk hymns known as spiritual laude. 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