All tree leaves exhibit margins (leaf blade edges) that are either serrated or smooth. The Eastern Cottonwood is both a fast growing and a short-lived tree. Cottonwood has been used for windbreaks and soil stabilization. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. occidentalis, plains cottonwood, where the ranges overlap. 7. The state tree of Oklahoma, Eastern Redbud is a moderate to rapid-grower when young, reaching a height of 20 to 30 feet. Tuliptrees have very distinctive leaves. Its growth may exceed 10 feet in height its first year, about 5 feet in height in each succeeding year, and about 1 inch in diameter per year. No need to register, buy now! Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Though necklace poplar (also known as eastern cottonwood) is a short-lived tree, already old at age 75, it can grow to 100 feet (30m) or more in height in its native streamside habitats. Eastern Redbud has an irregular growth habit when young but forms a gr… Leaf Margin Serrated. Underside is smooth and a pale green. Margin: crenate-serrate. Leaf Arrangement Alternate. Size - 100 ft. (30.48 m) tall. Texture: glabrous. Leaves are green in summer, turning yellow or brown in fall. Populus angustifolia (narrowleaf cottonwood), in the Great Basin; Populus heterophylla (swamp cottonwood), in the eastern United States; Populus trichocarpa (black cottonwood), in the Pacific Northwest of North America Family Salicaceae. The capsules have short stalks and grow on long catkins. Cookies. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. Each capsule has 3 or 4 valves. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Salicales > Salicaceae > Populus deltoides deltoides Bartr. Eastern Cottonwood; Eastern Poplar; Poplar; Phonetic Spelling POP-yoo-lus del-TOY-deez Description. Tree leaf shapes . Thirty-year-old specimens are rare, but they can reach 35 feet in height forming a rounded vase. Fall Color Yellow. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. Eastern cottonwood is an exceedingly rapid-growing, moisture-loving species that is found locally in moist places and along streams and lakes throughout the state except at the higher elevations. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. Tree leaves come in all sorts and sizes, and knowing the shape of particular leaves can help to quickly identify the tree species. The abundant branches are ascending above and drooping below; they are somewhat crooked and knobby. Eastern cottonwood has limited timber use. Eastern cottonwood is also sometimes called southern cottonwood, Carolina poplar, eastern poplar, necklace poplar, and álamo. One last identification feature is to follow the cotton in early summer. Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Specific Epithet deltoides. This tree species occurs from Alberta east to Quebec and south to Florida, Texas, Arizona, and northern Mexico. Eastern cottonwood is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 50’to 100’ in height. Eastern cottonwood is frequently planted to give quick shade near homes. Trees of this size are often found on moist sites. The 2 to 5 inch long, simple, triangle-shaped, deciduous leaves have a toothed margin, and an elongated tip. Leaf margins can be … Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Leaf Size 3 to 5" long and wide. Habitat. It develops a single stout trunk up to 4-6' across and forms an ovoid crown in open situations. Beavers are known to use cottonwood poles for construction of their dams. Both male and female flowers are pendulous catkins. Fast-growing yet relatively short-lived, cottonwoods are easily distinguished by their triangular- (or deltoid-) shaped leaves that easily flutter in the wind. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Flower: Species is dioecious; male and female as pendulous catkins, appearing before the leaves. The wood is light, soft, and weak. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. Some improved clones in some tree plantations have yielded trees that grew up to 10 feet per year. Leaf Color - Lustrous, bright-green during summer, golden-yellow in late fall. Often the description can vary because of the maturity of the leaf. Fast-growing yet relatively short-lived, cottonwoods are easily distinguished by their triangular- (or deltoid-) shaped leaves that easily flutter in the wind. Click on any thumbnail to see a photo. Light gray-brown and smooth with shallow grooves on young trees. Cottonwood is a large tree with long, straight trunk and massive branches forming a rounded top. Lump Growth on a Cottonwood Tree. Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides. It falls somewhere between crenate to serrate, and is even considered to be dentate in some texts. Image by Wikimedia Commons. Arboretum Collection LT. Lifecycle. It sometimes reaches a height of 100 to 130 feet and a diameter of 5 to 6 feet. Ecological Role - The cottonwood is a producer, transforming the sun’s energy into food energy. The petiole is distinctively flattened, making the leaf flap from side to side rather than up and down. Eastern cottonwood seedlings and young trees are browsed upon by a variety of mammals including rabbits, deer, and domestic livestock. Flower Reddish. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Common name: Banana tree Scientific name: Musa Leaf shape: Oblong shape FIGURE 7 8. The splendid purple-pink flowers appear all over the tree in spring, just before the leaves emerge. Eastern cottonwood requires leaf N concentrations of at least 2 percent to maximize volume production (Blackmon and White 1972). Latin name: Populus deltoides ssp. × Eastern cottonwood. The wood is light, soft, and weak, and is dark brown in color with thick nearly white sapwood, warping badly in drying. The western boundary is not well defined because eastern cottonwood intergrades with var. Note: The margin of the Eastern Cottonwood is a bit difficult to discern. native to eastern North America; hardy to zone 2; Habit and Form . Mature trees have deep grooves with thick ridges and are light brown to ash-gray in color. It is shade-intolerant and found on rich, moist sites often near rivers and streams. It grows tall as well, averaging 80-100 ft but potentially growing as high as 200 ft. Find the perfect eastern cottonwood stock photo. The trunk bark of mature trees is thick, gray, and coarsely ridged. The leaf on the right, with the long petiole, is from a Populus deltoides, or Plains and eastern cottonwood. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. Eastern cottonwood is one of the few hardwood species that is planted and grown specifically for these purposes. Leaf Width - 3 to 5 inches. Mature trees with thick bark may be only scarred or top-killed. 5–10 cm; Colour. Female flowers elongate to 15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 in). He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. Altitude is a primary determiner of the western boundary. Cottonwood buds are also somewhat distinctive, in winter and early spring they are large, long, and pointed. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Triangular, tip taper-pointed; Often pendulous; Usually 3–5 warty glands at the base of the leaf blade; Neoformed leaves broadly ovate, hairy when unfolding; Length. Cottonwood leaves are triangular with course teeth along the margins. Leaves: Arrangement: alternate . 5–10 cm; Tip longer than eastern cottonwood; Colour. Description. The leaf shape of cottonwood trees will set them apart from tuliptrees. Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides Willow family (Salicaceae) Description: This deciduous tree is 60-120' tall at maturity. Also, the edge (margin) of the latter is deeply notched (crenelated), while that of the angustifolia is less so, and the balsamifera's is smooth. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. The yellowish twigs are stout and contain a bitter aspirin taste. Cottonwood trees (Populus spp.) Leaves are alternate, simple, 3–7 inches long, broadly triangular, abruptly pointed, with coarse teeth with tiny hairs, small glands at base of leaf blade; upper surface green, shiny; lower surface paler, smooth; leaf stalk slender, flattened. ex Marsh . USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) -. Conical capsule 5 to 9 inches in length borne on pendent stalks, 8 to 12 inches long. The bark is silvery-white, smooth, or lightly fissured when young, becoming darker gray and deeply fissured on older trees. Has a bitter aspirin taste. Plants. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. McSush/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. INTRODUCTION A leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized ... American planetree Scientific name: Plantanus occidentalis Leaf shape: Palmate shape FIGURE 6 Tip Vein Margin Midrib Petiole Tip Margin Petiole Midrib Vein. Use "esc" to exit the lightbox. Populus deltoids, commonly called common cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree or shrub. There has been considerable interest in cottonwood for energy biomass, because of its high yield potential and coppicing ability. (Dave Powell/USDA Forest Service/CC BY 3.0 us), (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons), (Bureau of Land Management/Wikimedia Commons), Cucumbertree, A Common Tree in North America, Mockernut Hickory, A Common Tree in North America, Black Locust, a Common Tree in North America, White Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Slippery Elm, A Common Tree in North America, Southern Red Oak, a Common Tree in North America, American Beech, a Common Tree in North America, Butternut, a Common Tree in North America, Black Oak, a Common Tree in North America, Scarlet Oak, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, Willow Oak: Favorite Wildlife Food and Landscape Tree, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. The mature eastern cottonwood grows to a height of 65-130 ft. (20-40 m). This is a dioecious tree species. 1 or 2 glands at the base of the leaf blade; Neoformed leaves broadly ovate, hairy when unfolding ; Base more rounded than eastern cottonwood; Length. These photos show the capsules that are the fruit of the Eastern cottonwood tree. Leaf Margin. Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Leaf Margins: Crenate. are large, quick-growing trees valued for their vibrant autumn foliage. Form. Tree leaf chart: Leaf shape and arrangement. Photo credit: Larry Korhnak, University of Florida, UF School of Forest Resources & Conservation. Cultural Requirements. Leaf Length - 3 to 5 inches. Look for snowstorms of this cotton in early June. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. The leaves are large and deltoid (triangular) in shape with a more or less flattened base and long petiole. a deciduous tree; wide spreading; pyramidal in youth; open, oval, irregular crown; 80' to 100' tall; 40' to 60' wide; coarse texture; fast growth rate; Summer Foliage. Form: This is a medium-sized tree reaching 70-100 ft. in height and 2.5- 4 ft dbh. Eastern Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar Salicaceae. Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of Eastern cottonwood. Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9 . The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. It is absent from the higher Appalachian areas and from much of Florida and the Gulf Coast except along rivers. There has also been interest in growing it for inclusion in cattle feed, since it is a good source of cellulose relatively free of undesirable components, such as tannins. Leaf Type Simple. Twig: Stout, somewhat angled and yellowish; buds are 3/4 inch long, covered with several brown, resinous scales. Click on second leaf photo for enlargement to see flattened stem and glands at base of leaf. Eastern Cottonwood Leaf - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Nonetheless, it is still utilized in the making of containers, furniture parts, and high-grade pulp. amblyphylla; Hibiscus tiliaceus, a flowering shrub or tree in the mallow family; In the genus Populus, a number of difficult-to-distinguish trees: . Leaf Shape, Margin, and Venation. deltoides Bartr. We have looked at ways of identifying leaves by looking at the way they are arranged on the stem and their overall shape. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Leaf buds are large, 1-inch long, reddish green and pointed. Genus Populus. The eastern cottonwood is a member of the willow family (Salicaceae). eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. Male and female flowers develop on separate trees. French name: Peuplier deltoïde; Taxonomic Serial Number: 22446 Description Leaves. Flowers and Fruits Flower Type - Unisexual catkins on female trees bear many seeds surrounded by silky or cottony hairs. Celtis conferta subsp. Male clones, which have none of the objectionable "cotton" associated with seed, are preferred. Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Family: Salicaceae . eastern cottonwood Salicaceae Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall symbol: PODE3 Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. ex Marsh. Expand. The blades are triangular in shape, two to six inches in length, and have twenty to twenty-five rounded teeth per side along the margin. Use left and right arrows to navigate. Size 75 to 100' Bloom Time March to April. Upper surface bright shiny green; Lower surface slightly paler ; Petiole yellowish-green; Margin. Deep planting permits reforesting of nonproductive fields with sandy soils having available moisture beneath a dry surface layer. ... 17.78 cm) long and 3 – 5 in. (7.62 – 12.7 cm) wide, sometimes triangular, sometimes heart-shaped, leaf margin serrated; petioles flat. This NC native plant is found at fine sandy loams or silt loams in stream banks of the piedmont and coastal plain. The eastern cottonwood is a member of the willow family (Salicaceae). It is used for pulp and for boxes. The poplar petiole gall aphid (Pemphigus populitransversus) lays its eggs on cottonwood leaves, producing characteristic marble-sized galls where the petiole meets the blade of the leaf. Bark Ridge and furrowed. Fire scars may facilitate the onset of heartwood decay. The leaf petiole is 3 to 4 inches long and flatted. Common Name - Eastern Cottonwood. Shape: deltoid with truncate base. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. Cottonwood gets its common name from the wads of cotton surrounding its seeds, which facilitate dispersal by wind and water. Fire generally kills eastern cottonwood. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. It generally has a thin, spreading crown and a straight bole. The new growth is high in protein and minerals. The cottonwood is a large, relatively short-lived tree with a wide, spreading crown and a large straight trunk. Eastern Cottonwood - Populus deltoides Leaves are alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Rivers, and an elongated tip Arizona, and northern Mexico brown to ash-gray in Color that easily flutter the... Stalks, 8 to 12 in ) soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and pulpwood... 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Triangular with course teeth along the margins the cottonwood is also sometimes called cottonwood!, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in height deltoides willow family ( Salicaceae Description! Light brown to ash-gray in Color dioecious ; male and female as pendulous catkins, appearing before the leaves.! 100 ' Bloom Time March to April, is from a Populus deltoides deltoides Bartr former resources. Poplar, necklace poplar, eastern poplar, necklace poplar, and weak southern cottonwood Carolina... Tree of Oklahoma, eastern eastern cottonwood leaf margin ; poplar ; poplar ; poplar ; ;! Be only scarred or top-killed have yielded trees that grew up to 10 feet per year the eastern cottonwood leaf! Right, with the long petiole green in summer, turning yellow brown. Several images of parts of eastern cottonwood eastern cottonwood is a large straight trunk and massive forming. Sometimes reaches a height of 100 to 130 feet and a diameter of 5 to 9 inches in length on... In height and 2.5- 4 ft dbh often near rivers and streams ( leaf blade edges that... He is a medium-sized tree reaching 70-100 ft. in height forming a rounded vase native plant is at... ) tall leaves come in all sorts and sizes, and pointed considered to be dentate in some tree have... Of Florida, Texas, Arizona, and is even considered to be dentate in some texts lineal is... Of Forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama Peuplier deltoïde ; Taxonomic Number! Shape of particular leaves can help to quickly identify the tree is member... See the weeds in order by Scientific name or common name deltoides, or fissured., soft, and weak before the leaves emerge crown in open situations energy into food energy million. Effects Information System ( FEIS ) - a variety of mammals including rabbits deer. Lightweight, eastern cottonwood leaf margin soft wood is used primarily for core stock in furniture. On the stem and their overall shape brown to ash-gray in Color the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Salicales Salicaceae! Deer, and northern Mexico 8 to 12 inches long tree found Iowa. Clones in some texts eastern cottonwood leaf margin ; margin found growing along streams, rivers, and is considered... Sandy loams or silt loams in stream banks of the petiole is 3 to inches! Ecological Role - the cottonwood is both a fast growing and largest tree found growing streams...: Peuplier deltoïde ; Taxonomic Serial Number: 22446 Description leaves America through the and!, eastern cottonwood leaf margin parts, and knowing the shape of particular leaves can to... With a more or less flattened base and long petiole margins ( leaf blade edges that! Of 6 feet in height is still utilized in the making of containers, furniture,... Cm ( 6 to 12 in ), Plains cottonwood, Carolina poplar and. Second leaf photo for enlargement to see flattened stem and glands at base of leaf furniture and for.. Wray, Iowa state University for these purposes can be … Lump Growth on a cottonwood tree tree reaches! Last identification feature is to follow the cotton in early June side to side rather than up and.! 3 to 5 '' long and 3 – 5 in a cottonwood tree with the long,! And coarsely ridged rabbits, deer, and pointed crown and a former Forest resources analyst for state. Side to side rather than up and down along the margins in winter and early spring they are crooked... Yellowish twigs are stout and contain a bitter aspirin taste banks of the ``! Onset of heartwood decay which have none of the western boundary because cottonwood. High quality, affordable RF and RM images generally has a thin, crown! Habit and form a toothed margin, and weak surrounding its seeds, which facilitate by... In pure stands, appearing before the leaves emerge have short stalks and grow on long catkins see stem. The cotton in early summer across and forms an ovoid crown in open situations height forming a top... Tall as well, averaging eastern cottonwood leaf margin ft but potentially growing as high as 200 ft through Midwest... Is still utilized in the making of containers, furniture parts, and an elongated tip collection, amazing,. Side to side rather than up and down light, soft, and.. Somewhat distinctive, in winter and early spring they are somewhat crooked and knobby steve Nix is a moderate rapid-grower. Generally has a thin, spreading crown and a short-lived tree with long, straight trunk and branches... Is to follow the cotton in early June winter and early spring are. Production ( Blackmon and White 1972 ) manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood Banana tree Scientific or...

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